Revenue Note for Guidance
Chapter 1 of this Part implements the EU Directive of 19 October 2009 (2009/133/EC) (which replaces Council Directive 90/434/EEC of 23 July 1990) on cross-border mergers, divisions, partial divisions, transfers of assets and exchanges of share between companies from different Member States. The main purpose of the Directive is to provide tax neutrality in relation to cross-border mergers, divisions, transfers of assets and exchanges of shares; however it makes similar provision in relation to the transfer of the registered office of an SE or SCE between Member States.
Because it is generally not possible under existing EU or domestic company law for cross-border mergers and divisions (or partial divisions) of the type envisaged in the Directive to take place, relief is not specifically provided in respect of such transactions. However, Chapter 1 of Part 21 gives the Revenue Commissioners general authority to grant the reliefs provided by the Directive in respect of any parts of the Directive to which effect is not given by specific measures (section 637).
Chapter 4 of Part 19 provides the reliefs required by the Directive in relation to exchanges of shares. Part 21 specifically provides relief for transfers of assets. The situations covered are —
Chapter 1 of this Part also extends to development land the reliefs available on amalgamation or reconstruction of companies (section 633).
A number of words and phrases are defined for the purposes of Chapter 1 of Part 21, including:
“bilateral agreement” is a double taxation treaty.
“company” is a company from a Member State.
“company from a Member State” adopts the meaning set out in the Directive. This definition clarifies the meaning of “company”. Under the Directive a company must —
“the Directive” means Council Directive 2009/133/EC of 19 October 2009, as amended, on the common system of taxation applicable to mergers, divisions, partial divisions, transfers of assets and exchanges of shares concerning companies of different Member States and to the transfer of the registered office of an SE or SCE between Member States.
“receiving company” and “transferring company” is, respectively, the company receiving assets or transferring assets in the course of a transfer.
“SE Regulation” means Council Regulation (EC) No. 2157/2001 of 8 October 2001, on the Statute for a European Company (SE).
“SCE Regulation” means Council Regulation (EC) No. 1435/2003 of 22 July 2003, on the Statute for a European Cooperative Society (SCE).
“transfer” is the transfer by a company of the whole or part of a trade to another company in return for securities in that other company.
Relevant Date: Finance Act 2017