1077BPenalty notifications and determinations.
(a) in the absence of any agreement between a person and a Revenue officer that the person is liable to a penalty under the Acts, or
(b) following the failure by a person to pay a penalty the person has agreed a liability to,
a Revenue officer is of the opinion that the person is liable to a penalty under the Acts, then that officer shall give notice in writing to the person and such notice shall identify—
(i) the provisions of the Acts under which the penalty arises,
(ii) the circumstances in which that person is liable to the penalty, and
(iii) the amount of the penalty to which that person is liable,
and include such other details as the Revenue officer considers necessary.
(2) A Revenue officer may at any time amend an opinion that a person is liable to a penalty under the Acts and shall give due notice of such amended opinion in like manner to the notice referred to in subsection (1).
(3) Where a person to whom a notice issued under subsection (1) or (2) does not, within 30 days after the date of such a notice—
(a) agree in writing with the opinion or amended opinion contained in such notice, and
(b) make a payment to the Revenue Commissioners of the amount of the penalty specified in such a notice,
then a Revenue officer may make an application to a relevant court for that court to determine whether—
(i) any action, inaction, omission or failure of, or
(ii) any claim, submission or delivery by,
the person in respect of whom the Revenue officer made the application gives rise to a liability to a penalty under the Acts on that person.
(4) A copy of any application to a relevant court for a determination under subsection (3) shall be issued to the person to whom the application relates.
(5) This section applies in respect of any act or omission giving rise to a liability to a penalty under the Acts whether arising before, on or after the passing of the Finance (No. 2) Act 2008 but shall not apply in respect of a penalty paid, or amounts paid in respect of a penalty, before the passing of that Act.