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Taxes Consolidation Act, 1997 (Number 39 of 1997)

Chapter 6

Other sanctions

1084 Surcharge for late returns.

[FA86 s48; FA88 s16; FA90 s25(1); FA92 s245; FA95 s30(1)]

(1) (a) In this section—

chargeable person”, in relation to a year of assessment or an accounting period, means a person who is a chargeable person for the purposes of [12]>Part 41<[12][12]>Part 41A<[12];

return of income” means a return, statement, declaration or list which a person is required to deliver to the inspector by reason of a notice given by the inspector under any one or more of the specified provisions, and includes a return which a chargeable person is required to deliver under [13]>section 951<[13][13]>Chapter 3 of Part 41A<[13];

specified return date for the chargeable period” has the same meaning as in [14]>section 950<[14][14]>section 959A<[14];

specified provisions” means sections 877 to 881 and 884, paragraphs (a) and (d) of section 888(2), and section 1023;

tax” means income tax, corporation tax or capital gains tax, as may be appropriate.

(b) For the purposes of this section—

[16]>

(i) where a person fraudulently or negligently delivers an incorrect return of income on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period, the person shall be deemed to have failed to deliver the return of income on or before that date unless the error in the return of income is remedied on or before that date,

<[16]

[16]>

(i)(I) subject to clause (II), where a person deliberately delivers an incorrect return of income as set out in section 1077E(2) or carelessly delivers an incorrect return of income as set out in section 1077E(5) [18]>or deliberately or carelessly delivers an incorrect return of income as set out in section 1077F(2), as appropriate,<[18] on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period, the person shall be deemed to have failed to deliver the return of income on or before that date unless the error in the return of income is remedied on or before that date,

(II) clause (I) shall not apply where a person—

(A) deliberately delivers an incorrect return of income as set out in section 1077E(2) or carelessly delivers an incorrect return of income as set out in on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period, and

(B) pays the full amount of any penalty referred to in either of the provisions referred to in subclause (A) to which the person is liable,

<[16]

[5]>

(ia) where a person who is a specified person in relation to the delivery of a specified return for the purposes of any regulations made under section 917EA delivers a return of income on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period but does so in a form other than that required by any such regulations the person shall be deemed to have delivered an incorrect return on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period and subparagraph (ii) shall apply accordingly,

<[5]

[6]>

(ib) where a person delivers a return of income for a chargeable period (within the meaning of section 321(2)) and fails to include on the prescribed form the details required by the form in relation to any exemption, allowance, deduction, credit or other relief the person is claiming (in this subparagraph referred to as the “specified details”) and the specified details are stated on the form to be details to which this subparagraph refers, then, without prejudice to any other basis on which a person may be liable to the surcharge referred to in subsection (2), the person shall be deemed to have failed to deliver the return of income on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period and to have delivered the return of income before the expiry of 2 months from that specified return date; but this subparagraph shall not apply unless, after the return has been delivered, it had come to the person’s notice or had been brought to the person’s attention that specified details had not been included on the form and the person failed to remedy matters without unreasonable delay,

<[6]

(ii) where a person delivers an incorrect return of income on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period but does so [17]>neither fraudulently nor negligently<[17][17]>neither deliberately nor carelessly<[17] and it comes to the person’s notice (or, if he or she has died, to the notice of his or her personal representatives) that it is incorrect, the person shall be deemed to have failed to deliver the return of income on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period unless the error in the return of income is remedied without unreasonable delay,

(iii) where a person delivers a return of income on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period but the inspector, by reason of being dissatisfied with any statement of profits or gains arising to the person from any trade or profession which is contained in the return of income, requires the person, by notice in writing served on the person under section 900, to do any thing, the person shall be deemed not to have delivered the return of income on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period unless the person does that thing within the time specified in the notice, and

(iv) references to such of the specified provisions as are applied, subject to any necessary modifications, in relation to capital gains tax by section 913 shall be construed as including references to those provisions as so applied.

(2) (a) Subject to paragraph (b), where in relation to a year of assessment or accounting period a chargeable person fails to deliver a return of income on or before the specified return date for the chargeable period, any amount of tax for that year of assessment or accounting period which apart from this section is or would be contained in an assessment to tax made or to be made on the chargeable person shall be increased by an amount (in this subsection referred to as “the surcharge”) equal to—

(i) 5 per cent of that amount of tax, subject to a maximum increased amount of [3]>£10,000<[3][3]>€12,695<[3], where the return of income is delivered before the expiry of 2 months from the specified return date for the chargeable period, and

(ii) 10 per cent of that amount of tax, subject to a maximum increased amount of [4]>£50,000<[4][4]>€63,485<[4], where the return of income is not delivered before the expiry of 2 months from the specified return date for the chargeable period,

[7]>and, if the tax contained in the assessment is not the amount of tax as so increased,<[7][7]>and, except where the surcharge arises by virtue of subparagraph (ib) of subsection (1)(b), if the tax contained in the assessment is not the amount of tax as so increased,<[7] then, the provisions of the Tax Acts and the Capital Gains Tax Acts (apart from this section), including in particular those provisions relating to the collection and recovery of tax and the payment of interest on unpaid tax, shall apply as if the tax contained in the assessment to tax were the amount of tax as so increased.

(b) In determining the amount of the surcharge, the tax contained in the assessment to tax shall be deemed to be reduced by the aggregate of—

(i) any tax deducted by virtue of any of the provisions of the Tax Acts or the Capital Gains Tax Acts from any income, profits or chargeable gains charged in the assessment to tax in so far as that tax has not been repaid or is not repayable to the chargeable person and in so far as the tax so deducted may be set off against the tax [1]>and<[1] contained in the assessment to tax,

[8]>

(ii) the amount of any tax credit to which the chargeable person is entitled in respect of any income, profits or chargeable gains charged in the assessment to tax, and

<[8]

(iii) any other amounts which are set off in the assessment to tax against the tax contained in that assessment.

(3) In the case of a person—

(a) who is a director within the meaning of section 116, or

(b) [9]>to whom section 1017 applies and whose spouse<[9][9]>to whom section 1017 or 1031C applies and whose spouse or civil partner<[9] is a director within the meaning of section 116,

subsection (2)(b)(i) shall not apply in respect of any tax deducted under Chapter 4 of Part 42 in determining the amount of a surcharge under this section.

(4) (a) Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (3), the specified return date for the chargeable period, being a year of assessment (in paragraph (b) referred to as “the first-mentioned year of assessment”) to which section 66(1) applies, shall be the date which is the specified return date for the year of assessment following that year.

(b) Paragraph (a) shall only apply if throughout the first-mentioned year of assessment the chargeable person or that [10]>person’s spouse<[10][10]>person’s spouse or civil partner<[10], not [11]>being a spouse in relation to whom section 1016 applies<[11][11]>being a spouse in relation to whom section 1016 applies, or a civil partner in relation to whom section 1031B applies,<[11] for that year of assessment, was not carrying on a trade or profession set up and commenced in a previous year of assessment.

[2]>

(5) This section shall apply in relation to an amount of preliminary tax (within the meaning of Part 41) whether paid under section 952 or specified in a notice under section 953 as it applies to an amount of tax specified in an assessment.

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[2]>

(5) This section shall apply in relation to an amount of [15]>preliminary tax (within the meaning of Part 41) paid under section 952<[15][15]>preliminary tax (within the meaning of Part 41A) paid under Chapter 7 of that Part<[15] as it applies to an amount of tax specified in an assessment.

<[2]

[1]

[+]

Inserted by FA00 sched2(p).

[2]

[-] [+]

Substituted by FA01 s78(2)(h). Applies as respects the year of assessment 2001 and subsequent years and as respects accounting periods of companies ending on or after 1 April 2001.

[3]

[-] [+]

Substituted by FA01 sched5.

[4]

[-] [+]

Substituted by FA01 sched5.

[5]

[+]

Inserted by FA03 s164(1)(b). Has effect from such day as the Minister for Finance may appoint by order.

[6]

[+]

Inserted by FA04 s86(3)(a). This section shall apply as respects any chargeable period commencing on or after 1 January 2004.

[7]

[-] [+]

Substituted by FA04 s86(3)(b). This section shall apply as respects any chargeable period commencing on or after 1 January 2004.

[8]

[-]

Deleted by FA00 sched2(i)(i)(II).

[9]

[-] [+]

Substituted by F(No.3)A11 sched1(251). Shall have effect from 27 July 2011.

[10]

[-] [+]

Substituted by F(No.3)A11 sched1(252). Shall have effect from 27 July 2011.

[11]

[-] [+]

Substituted by F(No.3)A11 sched1(253). Shall have effect from 27 July 2011.

[12]

[-] [+]

Substituted by FA12 sched4(part2)(g).

[13]

[-] [+]

Substituted by FA12 sched4(part2)(g).

[14]

[-] [+]

Substituted by FA12 sched4(part2)(g).

[15]

[-] [+]

Substituted by FA12 sched4(part2)(g).

[16]

[-] [+]

Substituted by FA14 s94(1)(a). Applies in respect of returns of income (within the meaning of section 1084) delivered on or after 23 December 2014.

[17]

[-] [+]

Substituted by FA14 s94(1)(b). Applies in respect of returns of income (within the meaning of section 1084) delivered on or after 23 December 2014.

[18]

[+]

Inserted by FA21 sched1(s).