Accounting requirements of company law in the UK

Company Law in the UK requires that directors of companies incorporated in the UK “prepare accounts for the company for each of its financial years”, which give a “true and fair view”.  Such accounts are either ‘Companies Act Accounts’ or ‘IAS Accounts’.

Part 15 of the Companies Act 2006 includes requirements relating to the preparation of the company’s annual accounts, content requirements for the directors’ report and the strategic report, and the requirements and options for the circulation and filing of accounts.

Further rules and requirements relating to the form and content of company accounts are set out in secondary legislation, including:

  • SI 2008/409 The Small Companies and Groups (Accounts and Directors’ Report) Regulations 2008 brings together many of the statutory rules on form and content of accounts and reports for companies subject to both the small companies regime and the micro-entities regime.
  • SI 2008/410 The Large and Medium-sized Companies and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2008 brings together many of the statutory rules on form and content of accounts and reports for large and medium-sized companies.

Brexit and financial reporting

Certain Brexit-related changes to UK company law come into effect after the end of the transition period i.e., after 31 December 2020. The following resources may be of interest in this regard:

  • FRC/BEIS Letter: Accounting and Corporate Reporting after the end of the Transition Period (November 2020) In November 2020 the UK Government and the Financial Reporting Council published letters to the accounting and audit sectors setting out the UK framework for audit and reporting at the end of the transition period.
  • Transitional provision guidance (December 2020) The FRC has issued guidance for preparers using IFRS, and their auditors. This includes proposed wording to explain the basis of accounts preparation, where an entity has a financial period which straddles the end of the transition period following the UK’s exit from the European Union. This is to ensure consistent understanding and application of requirements in the Companies Act.
  • ICAEW’s Brexit and financial reporting page brings together guidance and news from ICAEW, as well as externally produced resources providing practical information on financial and corporate reporting.
  • The Impact of EU Exit Documents from the FRC and UK government on auditing and accounting during and after the transition period.

The Technical Hub’s IFRS page also includes some information on the UK endorsement of IAS.

This page will be further updated in due course.

This page provides a very brief overview only. Reporting entities will need to make reference to the relevant detailed legal accounting requirements when preparing financial statements.

Chartered Accountants Ireland can accept no responsibility for the content on any site that is linked to from the Institute website. Links are provided in good faith for the potential support of members and students.